How do you properly load a lorry?

How do you properly load a lorry?

How the load distribution is carried out in the ground transportation vehicle.

The trailer axles are usually the points where more weight can be loaded, but this would cause a higher resistance that must be compensated with automotive grease and eventually end up wearing out the components prematurely.

The way we distribute the weight horizontally is critical to achieve maximum trailer stability and also to protect the load as much as possible. The way the pallets are arranged must span as much of the width as possible to achieve this.

It may be a bit obvious, but for ease of movement if you have more than one delivery, they should be in the order in which the loads will be delivered, with the goods separated and identified.

Before leaving on a trip you must make sure that all the elements are working properly so that the trip is safe and we can increase the chances of arriving on time to deliver or pick up the goods. Therefore we must check the following items before starting a trip:

How to distribute the weight in a truck

When you have a job as a driver in the transport of goods by road, it is very important to keep up to date the condition of the truck, but above all, to be sure that the goods transported are correctly positioned and fastened.

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In this way, the placement and fastening of the goods being transported must be such that they cannot move or fall in a dangerous way, compromise the stability of the vehicle and cause noise, dust or other inconveniences to the truck driver or other people who may be driving.

Extreme caution must be exercised and care must be taken not to transport loose objects. In any vehicle, due to inertia, a loose object can become a projectile, since, for example, when driving at 50 km/h, in the event of braking, this object multiplies 30 times its weight, producing a strong collision against the first obstacle it catches, endangering the users on the road, as well as the driver and other materials being transported.

How many people are needed to unload a truck

The most common injuries that occur when manually loading and unloading materials are sprains and strains, which are caused by improper lifting or carrying loads that are too heavy. Bumping of materials can also cause fractures and contusions, while many injuries occur when hands or feet get “caught” in the load. These risks are exacerbated in situations where loading and unloading is done irregularly, with loads that vary significantly and where workers are not properly trained.

These risks can be avoided by implementing proper lifting techniques and taking the precaution of placing grips on loads to hold them more securely. In addition, it is advisable to be properly protected with appropriate equipment:

When loading the truck, it is advisable to evenly distribute the load across the trailer floor and secure the load to prevent it from shifting during the move. It is important to pay attention to this step, since if the load falls or shifts while the truck is moving, under certain conditions, it can cause an accident.

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Cargo Truck Safety

Stowing a truck is a basic task that allows the load to be kept under control at all times, contributing greatly to road safety. Nowadays, many truck accidents are due to incorrect securing or distribution of what is being transported. For this reason, here are some tips to help you fulfill this function correctly:-Safety in the transport of any load lies in the correct distribution of the weight. In addition, before starting any work it is essential to make the necessary calculations to avoid overloading, which in addition to being a risk for driving can cause mechanical breakdowns.-During loading it is vital not to leave any free space between the goods and the walls of the truck. The sum of the total of the spaces in a line from wall to wall may never exceed 15 centimeters. Otherwise, dangerous slippage may occur, compromising the safety of the goods being transported. A tip to avoid this problem is to fill the gaps with pallets or anything else that keeps the goods firm.-Once the load is correctly loaded, the goods must be secured.-It is advisable to use support surfaces that increase friction, since they reduce the dependence of the lashings.-It is essential to periodically check the condition of the load and the stowage, since the movements and vibrations of the route can cause the lashings to come loose.

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