CITES 2020 List
The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora is an international agreement between states. Its purpose is to prevent, through the application of common standards, international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants from putting their survival at serious risk. It is known as CITES (acronym for Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora).
The general dissemination through the media of information on the danger of extinction of many species, especially those with greater symbolic value, such as elephants (the animal that appears in the CITES logo), may make it seem natural today to appreciate the need for such a convention. However, if we go back to the time when the ideas that gave rise to CITES were first sketched out, in the early 1960s, the international debate on regulating wildlife trade for conservation was relatively new.
CITES Secretary-General John Scanlon told a press conference today that he hopes there will be “a strong message” against elephant poaching, which due to demand for ivory in 2011 reached a record 25,000 elephants killed.
“Various training and advisory measures on how to respond to poaching will be discussed but we also want there to be a higher political profile in the face of a situation in which organized crime is involved,” Scanlon said.
The head of CITES indicated that the Bangkok meeting will discuss the opening to the market of ivory stockpiled by several countries to counteract the effects of its demand on the elephant population, although he ruled out that an agreement will be reached.
Among the most controversial, due to the lack of initial consensus, are the proposals to ban polar bear hunting and to introduce restrictions on the capture of five species of shark, prized for their fins.
International Convention on Trade in Flora and Fauna
What does CITES regulate? CITES regulates the export, re-export and import of species, as well as the introduction from the sea of animal and plant specimens listed in one of its three Appendices.How does CITES work? CITES provides an international legal framework that establishes the procedures to be followed by participating countries for the proper regulation of international trade in species included in its Appendices through a system of permits and certificates. To this end, it is essential that each of the countries participating in the Convention designate one or more Management Authorities to regulate the permit and certificate system, and one or more Scientific Authorities to advise on the effects of trade on the species.
Mission of CITES. To ensure that international trade in species of wild fauna and flora does not threaten their survival, but is conducted in a sustainable manner that promotes the conservation of populations.
CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its objective is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival.
CITES subjects international trade in specimens of certain species to certain controls. Any import, export, re-export or introduction of species that reproduce on land and from the sea of species covered by the Convention must be authorized by an export permit under national legislation.
Each country must designate one or more Management Authorities to administer and implement the export permit system and one or more Scientific Authorities to provide advice on the effects of trade on the status of the species.
Supreme Decree N° 030-2005-AG and Supreme Decree N°001-2008-MINAM regulate the provisions of the Convention. These rules include the main general regulations, functions of the CITES Management and Scientific Authorities, designates the Enforcement Authorities and defines the procedures for the issuance of CITES permits, establishing conditions and requirements for trade, traffic and possession of species included in CITES Appendices I, II and III.