Characteristics of ownership
Ownership or dominion is a direct and immediate power over a thing, which attributes to its holder the capacity to enjoy and dispose of the thing without any limitations other than those established by law. It is the real right that implies the exercise of the legal powers that the legal system grants over a good. The right of ownership covers all those goods that are owned by the owner.
The right of ownership covers all those material goods that can be appropriated, of utility, of limited existence and that can be occupied. However, the domain is not only limited to tangible things, but also applies to incorporeal things such as the right of industrial or intellectual property. The right of ownership in a tangible thing to be occupied is not only limited to tangible things, but also applies to incorporeal things such as the right of industrial or intellectual property. The right of ownership in a tangible thing to be occupied.
the real right in a corporeal thing to enjoy and dispose of it arbitrarily; not being against the law or against the right of others. The property separated from the enjoyment of the thing is called mere or bare property.
It is usually considered that the right of full ownership comprises three main faculties: use (ius utendi), enjoyment (ius fruendi) and abuse (ius abutendi), a distinction that comes from Roman law or its medieval reception. The conception of property in a subjective sense, as a synonym of faculty or attribution corresponding to a subject, is also of Roman origin.
Property law examples
A trademark is a sign that differentiates a company’s products or services from those of others. Trademarks date back to the times when craftsmen reproduced their signatures or “marks” on their products.
A geographical indication is a sign used for products that have a specific geographical origin and whose qualities, reputation or characteristics are essentially due to their place of origin. Generally, the geographical indication consists of the name of the place of origin of the goods.
Trade secrets are IP intellectual property rights on confidential information that can be sold or licensed. The unauthorized acquisition, use or disclosure of such secret information in a manner contrary to honest commercial practices by others is considered an unfair practice and a violation of trade secret protection.
The Awards program assists WIPO Member States in building a culture that celebrates innovation and creativity. All nominations are submitted through national IP offices.
Use, enjoyment and enjoyment of the property
The owner of a patent has the right to decide who may use the patented invention during the period of protection. In other words, patent protection means that an invention cannot be produced, used or distributed for commercial purposes, or sold, without the consent of the patent holder.
Patents can be granted on inventions in any field of technology, from an everyday kitchen utensil to a nanotechnology chip. An invention can be a product – such as a chemical compound – or a process – for example, a process for producing a specific chemical compound. In fact, many products comprise several inventions. For example, a laptop computer may be composed of hundreds of inventions that work together.
Patents are territorial rights. Generally, the corresponding exclusive rights are only valid in the country or region in which the application has been filed and the patent has been granted, in accordance with the laws of that country or region.
In Mexico, the subject of property is considered from the point of view of human rights, constitutional law, civil law, commercial law, administrative law, agrarian law, intellectual property law and criminal law.
The right to property is a human right, according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, everyone has the right to property, individually and collectively. And no one may be arbitrarily deprived of his property. Currently, the governments of countries are required to provide their citizens, men and women, with access to property rights.
By constitutional provision, Mexicans by birth or naturalization as well as Mexican corporations have the right to acquire the domain of land, waters and their accessions or to obtain the exploitation of mines or waters.
However, in the case of foreigners, they may acquire the ownership of lands, waters and their accessions or to obtain the exploitation of mines or waters as long as they agree before the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to consider themselves as nationals with respect to such assets and not to invoke the protection of their governments. However, they may not acquire direct dominion over lands within 100 kilometers along the borders or 50 kilometers along the beaches.